Breasts are mammary glands symmetrically placed in the anterior chest wall over two large pectoral muscles. These glands are filled with adipose tissue (which is the one that gives the shape and volume to breasts), of fibrous tissue and a series of clusters of small glands which vary in number from a woman to another. These glands do not have any support except for the skin that wraps them and a fine range of muscles that provides some support to them.
Breasts are unable to fight for themselves against the issues that contribute to their fall such as pregnancy, weight changes, premenstrual tension, menopause or nursing period.
Breasts are already present on the newborn baby, ready to work. It is during the adolescence that they reach their full development. The external appearance is formed by a delicate skin, which sometimes belies blue veins and they have a pigmented areola with a series of small bumps called Montgomery’s glands. Lactiferous channels flow into nipples, which on the right moment will become the carriers of lactation.
During breastfeeding period breasts look firm and turgid and with well-defined contours. A slightly change on weight would make their shape change and it would require special care, sometimes even premenstrual syndrome causes some issues.
Cares during pregnancy
During the nine months previous to birth mammary glands prepare themselves for nursing. Breasts reach their full development with nursing; to recover their normal shape after this period has passed. The variations on their dimensions and the alterations produced inside them affect in greater or lesser degree to their external appearance. Fat tissue which has decreased in order to leave more room for mammary glands are not fully reconstructed once this period has passed and the chest looks smaller, with fewer steadinesses and sometimes with some streaks.
Although there is the belief that breastfeeding is responsible for the fall and flaccidity of breasts tissues, there are theories claiming the contrary. According to them breastfeeding isn’t just good but also beneficial since it prevents the breakdown of elastic fibers as a consequence of a brutal variation of volume that is result of stopping breastfeeding after delivery. Breasts, which are physiologically formed to perform this function, will recover in a progressive way their normal shape.
During this period, in order to prevent a possible breast fall and the emergence of streaks, women should take special care of breasts. The inherited predisposition should be considered as a determining factor on the tendency of breasts to fall after pregnancy, thus a specific bra adapted to the progressive increase of volume and weight should be employed. Soft exercise and reaffirming creams should be applied to the contour of breasts in order to prevent flaccidity.
Breast care during menopause
Although the activity of the female ovary has a direct relation with breasts, climacterium is not responsible for their deterioration. However the decrease of levels of hormones like estrogen which are produced by ovaries could have some incidence on the breasts flaccidity.