Getting to know the anatomy of breasts

Everybody is talking about breasts, but the key to know how to treat them and give them a good care is getting to know them and how they work. Breasts are beautiful, but there are not two women with identical breasts. Each type of breasts has its own particularities, and if a woman gets to know her body it will be easier to choose the right exercises and diet to keep it healthy.

Breasts have an almost completely symmetrical structure, although most of the time the right side breast is smaller in size than the breast of the left side and they are placed under the skin over the chest. Each breast, with an exterior appearance of a prominence of variable turgescence and size, has internal and external structures. Among the external structures we have the nipple and the areola.

Internally each breast has from 15 sections to 20 sections known as lobules. Big quantities of adipose tissue can be found, which constitutes at least 90 percent of the internal structure of each breast giving it the prominent appearance. In turn each lobule is composed of many small lobules which also end on dozens of small bulbs which are in charge of the production of milk. In general mammary glands are distributed throughout the breast although almost 60 percent of glandular tissue is placed on the 30 mm closer to the nipple base.

The lactiferous ducts are in charge of connecting all the lobules that are part of the mammary glands; these are shaped like thin tubes, most of the ducts lead to the nipple in the center region of a dark area of skin called the areola. Spaces between lobules and ducts are filled with fat. Breasts have no muscles on their structure, although they receive some support from pectoral muscle. Breasts also contain lymphatic vessels and blood vessels, lymphatic vessels lead to small organs known as lymph nodes, clusters of such nodes can be found on the underarm above the collarbone and on the chest.

Breasts vary in size and shape, external appearance does not say too much about their internal structure or about their lactation potential. The shape of the breast will be defined by its support which is mainly formed by underlying thoracic tissue and Cooper’s ligaments. Each breast is attached to a base over chest wall thanks to a deep fascia which covers pectoral muscles. On the superior part breasts are covered by a portion of skin which also provides them some support. This amalgamation of anatomical support is which defines the shape of the breast.

Arterial blood flow that supplies each breast has its origin on the internal thoracic artery (which used to be known as internal mammary artery), and the venous drainage of each breast is mainly done by an axillary vein. Both men and women have a bigger concentration of nerves and blood vessels on nipples, and in both genres nipples have an erectile capacity.

Stages of the life of a woman and breast

Bust experiences important changes on the life of a woman, during adolescence, during pregnancy and menopause, on each stage the anatomy of each breast suffers radical changes, thus breasts cares should be improved and increased.


During adolescence many different changes take place, among them there are modifications in the degree of development and on ramifications of the excretory ducts and the abundance of adipose tissue. Mammary gland grows in a very fast way and adopts a globular appearance; areola acquires pigmentation and setoff which makes the nipple more visible. This is a difficult stage and women change in a drastic way their proportions. Adolescence can begin with a sensation of hypersensitivity under the areola; it can affect only one breast. Additionally hormonal levels are increased triggering changes which will start the transformation of the body of a girl into a woman’s body.  Levels of estrogen are increased therefore triggering the development and growth of breasts.

When those changes start to take place, it is highly recommended the right type and size of bra in order to provide from the beginning a correct support to breasts. Moisturize adequately breasts skin with creams formulated for that purpose; it can help to minimize itching produced by hormonal changes. Remove as much as possible fats from diet and include more vegetables and fruits. It is recommended to drink at least one litter of water each day.

Young woman

A young woman is always looking for positive transformations which are part of her development. At this age a woman expects to have a physical appearance with which she can feel pleased and which increments her self confidence. At this stage breasts are fully developed, although the shape of breasts may not be compatible with the rest of the female figure.

The size or the shape or breasts may not be the desired, but exercise can aid to strengthen muscles although they may not affect shape or size. There are natural treatments that can aid to increase the size of breasts like Breast Actives, but perseverance will be required from the girl who starts a treatment, since depending on the particularities of her body, the treatment could take some time to show results. During this stage pre-menstrual syndrome may affect the size of the bust, it is important for you to have an appropriate diet, avoid some elements that can be harmful for your health. If you find a suspicious sign or your breasts, consult with your doctor immediately, some health issues are easier to treat if they are detected on time.

Some recommendations for this stage would be to look for adequate information about how a breast transformation is possible, inform yourself about risks, costs and every detail related to each option. Although you are young, still you should have a periodic medical check in order to prevent further complications. Include on your schedule some healthy exercise routine, there are some for improve breasts health.

Breasts at the age of forties

Breasts shape and size are transformed not only with hormonal changes but also with the pass of time, it is important to point out that the skin of breasts ages as fast as the skin of face and neck because it has the heavy labor of supporting the mammary glands.

Breasts require special cares at any age, but past the age of forty is probably the stage on which breasts will require more attention. Many changes have taken place since adolescence, especially if a woman has had kids, for each pregnancy sudden changes of size have been suffered by breasts. The appearance of breasts at this age usually is flaccid and it starts loosing shape and volume.

Most women consider this age appropriate to have a surgery to recover the beauty of their breasts, but many risks and complications should be considered along with this decision. Surgery is not precisely the best option for enhancing the beauty of breasts, starting with the high costs that these involve, and because of the risks they imply.

As it happens with many surgical procedures, breast Implants are a potential source of postoperative complications such as redness, swelling, infections, pain and bleeding. One of the conditions generated by breasts implants is known as “Capsular contracture” on which the scar tissue or “capsule” formed around the implant tightens and applies pressure on the breast implant. This condition is very common when implant is placed between the mammary gland and the pectoral muscle, symptoms related to this condition can include from mild discomfort to severe pain, distortion of the shape becomes visible and sometimes is easy to see how the implant is moving inside the breast.

When the condition worsens an additional surgery will be required in order to replace or remove definitely the implant, depending on the health of the patient. Also, there are no guaranties for the patient of not suffering this condition after the additional surgery. There is no much the patient can do in order to prevent this complication since there is always the possibility of contamination during the insertion of the implant, also another cause for this condition is the development of fluids around the implant (phenomenon known with the name of seroma) and also there is the possibility of internal bleeding (hematoma). Also some lifestyle factors like smoking could trigger this condition.

Considering the complications carried by a surgery, new solutions have been developed in order to restore the self confidence of woman. Many women are looking for to improve their physical appearance, and there are studies which show that a breast size augment has increased the self confidence level in many women.

Among the natural solutions available on the market, there is an especial product which has been especially formulated with natural ingredients and which counts with the approval of the FDA. This product has the name of Breast Actives; it has been clinically tested corroborating the effectiveness and safety of this treatment.

Reasons why the bust deteriorates

There are different factors that have great incidence over the health and appearance of breasts, among them we can find age, the lack of exercise, maternity and breastfeeding, most of all maternity since it implies severe changes on the shape of breasts which are being prepared to produce milk for the newborn. Below are listed the most common causes for breasts deterioration.

Incorrect body posture

Having an incorrect body posture carries a lot disadvantages for health, for instance it has been proved that the lack of concentration is a result of having an erroneous posture. It is considered as an incorrect body posture that one which requires an excessive effort, producing an imbalance on the relation between body parts, generating in this way fatigue in minor cases and musculoskeletal injuries on irreversible and severe cases. Any posture that forces our body to adopt an uncomfortable position increases the muscle tension and the risk for nerve compression on neck and shoulders, which can lead to problems on the column, arms and hands, becoming a potential risk for health.

According to statistics of the WHO (World Health Organization), eight of each ten persons have been affected for some column problem due to an inadequate body posture. The lack of exercise and the excess of weight are the worst enemies of the column. In the case of breasts, if the column always remains in a semi blend position, breasts will be always tending to fall, and gravity law effects will be visible very soon, therefore it is very important to keep the column always straight on every activity of the day.

Constant increase and loss of weight

This is considered among the most general causes for the deterioration of breasts. They tend to lose steadiness and tend to fall losing their original shape. Drastic diets and the dietary excesses lead to gain or lose weight in a sudden way, all these changes tend to affect in a negative way to breast tissues. Skin starts suffering damage and the muscle mass becomes flaccid therefore changing the shape of breasts and even producing the appearance of stretch marks. In time with the constant change of weight, the aspect of breasts becomes less aesthetic and attractive.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Pregnancy and breastfeeding are natural parts of the life of a woman, but they are also quite damaging for breasts. The production of breast milk on the mammary glands generates an increment of size of them, thus more space is required to store the new content, breasts fat is retracted in order to make some room for the transformations that are taking place, additionally most of the weight of breasts rests over the skin since they don’t have almost muscle support, and all this increment of weight on breasts will require more effort from skin.


The process of aging leads to the loss of elasticity and consistency of skin and to the loss of muscle tone producing deterioration on each breast.

Breasts care during adolescence

Having to wear a bra could become a drama for a teenage girl, it is very important to know how to face this new stage which is so normal and logical on the transformation from being a girl into a woman. The beginning of puberty is pointed by some discomfort or pain right below the areola without an apparent cause, since most of the time it happens only to one breast it can provoke some concern on the young woman and become a reason for having a doctor’s appointment.

The most important thing in order to take a good care of breasts is to get to know how is developed the process of breasts growth. Mammary glands are organs of crucial importance, for an adolescent as for a woman. The main biological function of breasts is breastfeeding, but additionally they are distinctly feminine attribute. Thus the changes presented by breasts during adolescence can have great incidence during their development, whether they are pathological or aesthetic, they produce important repercussions on psychic field.

Although mammary glands are present on men and women with an identical composition, since the function developed by these glands will defer from one genre to another, in the case of man mammary glands remain in a rudimentary state.

Mammary glands are placed on the anterior and superior part of chest between the third and seventh rib over pectoral muscles. This is the reason why exercises which affect musculature improve the support of the breasts.

From the aesthetic point of view there are many factors influencing: harmony in reference to the weight and size of the adolescent, thorax constitution, pectoral muscles and of course body posture. Keeping the steadiness on breasts is the most difficult part given the great laxity of the ligaments own age. Some young women may experience alterations that can be prevented with simple cares. Skin must be kept hydrated to keep up its elasticity; otherwise stretch marks will be produced. Stretch Marks are lesions of the elastic fibbers which are observed on thinned skin.

For a proper hydration the application of creams rich on vitamin A is recommended, it should be done trough circular massages. Also direct sun for long periods of time should be avoided. An appropriate bra should be used from the moment that breasts are fully formed. At first it could be a little bit difficult to keep the bra in the correct position, but it is important for the young woman to learn to adapt the bra perfectly to the volume and shape of breasts, the bra should keep them on the right place without lifting or compressing or separating them.

The topic of breasts size is one of the most important among women, when girls start to develop breasts the first thing they think of is the size, but the same importance should be given to breasts cares, breasts of good size and appearance could become deteriorated in a few years without the proper care.